Prevent Falls With These Tips

Falls Prevention

Falls prevention for older adults is crucial to maintaining their safety and overall well-being. Here are ten tips to help prevent falls:

  1. Regular Exercise: Engaging in regular exercise will improve strength, balance, and flexibility.
  2. Home Safety: Conduct a thorough assessment of the home to identify potential hazards.
    • Remove tripping hazards from walkways
    • Discard throw rugs or secure them
    • Keep items used most often in easy to reach cabinets
  3. Proper Footwear: Wear well-fitting, comfortable, supportive shoes with non-slip soles inside and outside. Avoid high heels, flip-flops, and shoes with worn-out treads. Have a doctor check your feet yearly and discuss proper footwear.
  4. Medication Review: Consult with a doctor or pharmacist to review and assess potential side effects of your medications, as dizziness and instability can result from certain drugs.
  5. Vision Care: Eye check-ups are essential for maintaining good vision. Poor vision can increase the chance of falling.
  6. Grab Bars & Handrails: Install grab bars and handrails in bathrooms, hallways, and staircases to provide support and stability.
  7. Proper Lighting: Use nightlights in areas frequently used at night, like the bathroom and bedroom.
  8. Use Assistive Devices: If needed, use canes, walkers, or wheelchairs.
  9. Stay Hydrated and Eat Nutritiously: Dehydration can lead to dizziness and weakness, increasing the risk of falls. Ask your doctor about taking Vitamin D to improve bone, nerve, and muscle health.
  10. Hearing Assessment: Poor hearing can contribute to falls, especially if unable to hear warnings or approaching hazards.

Prevention is key to reduce the risk of falling. To ensure continued independence and well-being, older adults should have regular check-ins and screenings with a healthcare professional to monitor and address specific issues related to fall prevention.

SOURCES: NIA Falls and Fractures in Older Adults: Causes and Prevention, CDC Older Adult Fall Prevention, NCOA Falls Prevention